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Cultural Measures Count

Improve Your Lawn’s Health

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Ever wonder how to keep weeds from growing in your lawn and when to fertilize? Here are some key tips:. Cut at the right height To promote healthier grass, mowing at to the right height is helpful in preventing weeds because keeping your turf longer helps block sunlight from weed seeds waiting to germinate. When weed seeds are evident, catch your grass clippings and dispose of them, rather than redistributing them on the…

Fertilizer Basics

Fertilizer Basics

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Grasses require at least 16 different essential elements in their diets, most of which are provided by the grass’s surrounding environment.  However, even with a low-maintenance lawn, you will still need to fertilize with nitrogen (N) to sustain thick, vigorous turf.  In addition to enhancing the grass’s deep green color, nitrogen is also responsible for the sturdy growth and shoot density needed to fight off weeds and to stand up…

Fertilizer Guidelines

Fertilizer Guidelines

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North and South The optimal time to apply fertilizers is when the grass roots and blades are actively growing.  Apply fast-release fertilizers at a rate of 1 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet.  Slow-release fertilizers usually require a higher rate of application. 

Amend soil

Step 3: Amend the Soil

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This is your best opportunity to add amendments such as fertilizer, organic matter, and lime or sulfur.  Use a soil test to determine the best amendments for your particular soil. The best way to test your soil is to send a sample to a Cooperative Extension Service (CSREES), which is usually located at or affiliated with a state university, or to a commercial soil tester.    

Fertilizer Guidelines

Step 4. Add Nutrients

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Use a slow-release fertilizer, and avoid putting down more fertilizer than you need. Adding too much nitrogen can cause rapid growth and a thinning of plant cell walls, which makes grass more susceptible to disease. The excess fertilizer may also leach and eventually find its way into waterways, polluting them. Tested Soil When restoring a lawn, apply the fertilizer as recommended by the results of your soil test. Untested Soil If you…

What's Under Your Soil?

Work on the Down Low to Improve What’s on Top

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Horticulturists agree that time spent improving what is happening below the surface of a lawn greatly reduces the time needed to maintain what is on top of it.  The ideal soil for grass meets five requirements: 1) it is slightly acidic; 2) it contains an adequate supply of nutrients; 3) it allows for deep root growth; 4) it supports a thriving population of beneficial microbes, and 5) it retains adequate…